The Internet of Things (IoT) and Industrial Internet of Things (IIoT) present
opportunities for enterprises to improve efficiencies and enhance customer value.
IoT/IIoT continues to evolve with new technologies and applications, embedding ubiquitous
hyperconnectivity (5G and beyond), edge/fog computing, distributed ledger technologies (DLTs) and
artificial intelligence (AI).
IoT/IIoT operates in a continuum that connects the physical, digital,
virtual and cyber worlds through intelligent ‘Digital Twins’ by generating constant streams of data
that can be harnessed into actionable distributed intelligence at the edge, with human,
machine-to-machine cooperation to improve life, work and interaction with the everyday world.
Next-generation Tactile IoT/IIoT builds a real-time interactive system between the human and the
machine and introduces a new evolution in human-machine (H2M) communication. Tactile
IoT/IIoT enables the transfer of physical ‘senses’ (e.g. sense/touch, actuation, hepatic actions,
etc.) in real-time form remotely and introduces a new paradigm shift to the
skill-based/knowledge-based networks instead of content-based networks.
New solutions are needed for addressing IoT distributed end-to-end security because there are many
more IoT/IIoT devices to secure, compared with traditional IT infrastructure devices.
devices are embedded into systems that can affect physical health and safety, in addition to
traditional communications or computing systems, and they introduce a complex management
environment, with diverse technology profiles,
processing capabilities, use-cases, and physical locations.